Vellinge kommun is a sort of squashed-S shape administrative district squished between Malmö (to the north) and Trelleborg (to the east), with a promontory or peninsula (known as Näset, or “the Nose”) jutting out southwest into the Öresund. Overall, the area has historically tended toward wealth, and a steadily conservative-liberal politics—though the last few decades have seen the political outlook destabilise in parallel with the ecological outlook.
This has much to do with Skanör-Falsterbo, the settlements at the far end of Näset. That the peninsula—and the homes of its predominantly wealthy residents—were at risk of flooding due to sea level rise and extreme weather events was broadly understood at the end of the C20th. As such, the protracted arguments over how to deal with that risk—and subsequent attempts to somehow fix, fudge or dodge it—stand as a sort of metonymy for climate policy in Sweden more broadly: first, one thinks that other people should change their ways of life; then, one that thinks other people (or the state) should pay for the protection of one’s own way of life; finally, one tries to blame almost anyone else for one’s way of life having been swept away by the sea.
This is one of the reasons that Näset tends to overshadow the rest of Vellinge, reputationally speaking, in the rest of Skåne and beyond; other reasons include Näset’s longstanding reputation as one of Sweden’s (if not Europe’s) best birdwatching spots, though the shift to flexmark status has deterred some of the more cautious “weekend warriors”. Located on the eastern shoulder of the last leg of the E6 highway heading south from Malmö, and otherwise surrounded by Black Plains farmland, the mainland town for which Vellinge kommun is named is fairly well-heeled (though not to the same extent that Skanör-Falsterbo once was), but otherwise unremarkable in terms of anything other than its property price index.